Social classes and quality of nutrition
Numerous epidemiological data point to the association of belonging to a social class with the quality of the food being consumed. That is why scientific research has been carried out to investigate the association of belonging to a social class with the quality of nutrition. Different data indicate that people who belong to the lower socioeconomic class consume unhealthy and less quality food. It is also noticeable that nutritionally high-quality foods always have a higher price and are not available to everyone.
It is well known that members of lower socioeconomic classes today are more affected by obesity, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, dental diseases, and some types of cancers. All these diseases are directly related to lifestyles, primarily the quality of the diet. One of the main causes of this is the price of quality food, which is usually expensive, and is therefore not available to all social groups. Members of lower socioeconomic classes mostly consume cheaper, less quality food, rich in fat and calories. The difference in the quality of food is not only associated with socioeconomic affiliation, but also by gender, age, education, type of job and income. For good nutrition is considered a diet rich in whole grains, lean meats, fish, fruit and vegetables, and low quality diet one that is rich in processed grains, sugar and fats.
Research has shown that higher socioeconomic classes consume not only more fruitful fruits and vegetables, but also many more types of fruits and vegetables. Also, higher socioeconomic classes consume more fiber, vitamins, minerals and micronutrients, while for the consumption of macronutrients and the total energy input is not found a connection. For one of the main reasons, it has been established that it is the economic one, because poor quality food is cheaper and much more accessible. It is also found that lower socioeconomic groups have less knowledge about the importance of nutrition, poor culinary skills and much less motivation for consuming a healthy diet.
[Darmon 2008] Darmon N, Drewnowski A. Does social class predict diet quality? Am J Clin Nutr, May 2008; vol. 87 no. 5 1107-1117