Changes in lifestyle and diet and the impact on the incidence of long-term obesity
In today’s world, obesity is a major health problem, and because that every day is growing efforts to prevent it, and the fight against obesity has become one of the health priorities. The most common advice to people is to exercise more, and to keep an eye on the relationship between input and burned calories, but be aware that overweight does not shrink rapidly, but over time. One of the most common mistakes people make is rapidly losing weight with the help of various diets. For overweight most affects is diet, for example sweets and sweetened drinks have a much worse effect than diet based on whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Also the significant influence have physical activity, which spend the accumulated calories. This is why was conducted the scientific studies about lifestyle changes affect on long-term weight gain in men and women.
For the purposes of the study were taken three separate groups of total 120,877 men and women in America, who did not have a chronic disease, and in the start of the study did not suffer from obesity. Studied in three different periods of time, and the impact of lifestyle changes on the change in body weight was evaluated at intervals of four years. As a lifestyle was taken factors like watching TV, alcohol consumption, length of sleep, diet, and smoking. For meals are taking consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, refined grains, potatoes, chips, dairy products, sugary drinks, sweets and cakes, meat products, unprocessed red meat, fried foods, and trans fats.
The results showed that lifestyle changes, including a change of diet, alcohol consumption, time spent in front of TV’s, physical activity, have long-term effect on the emergence of weight gain. Long-term weight gain was gradual, and the accumulation of kilograms, even modest weight gain over the years has a significant influence on the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disorders, diabetes and cancer.
[Mozaffarian 2011] Mozaffarian D, Hao T, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu FB. Changes in Diet and Lifestyle and Long-Term Weight Gain in Women and Men. N Engl J Med 2011; 364:2392-2404June 23, 2011DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1014296