Who are low consumers of fruits and vegetables
Nutrition is one of life styles. The consumption of sufficient amounts of fruit and vegetables proven protect against of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart diseases and blood vessel diseases. Unfortunately, today all do not consume enough fruits and vegetables and often warns of change in diet and increasing consumption of fruit and vegetables. 1993 was conducted research whose aim was to determine the demographic and behavioral characteristics of a person that are poorly consumed fruit and vegetables, and whether knowledge and attitudes of individual affect on consumption of fruit and vegetables.
The study was conducted in England. Randomly selected 7887 people, of both sexes, aged between 16-74 years. The response rate was 70%, and in research are joined 5553 people. People who have joined the study, were subjected to questioning about their demographic characteristics, smoking and diet. They were studied by the amount and how many times a week consume fruits and vegetables, which are age, gender, marital status, education, employment, their income, where they live, smoking status, do they drive car, and about their knowledge and understanding of a healthy diet and health benefits of the consumption of fruit and vegetables.
The results showed that 46% of the patients belong to the group of small consumption of fruits and vegetables, (small consumption considered eight or less fruits or vegetables per week). The greatest differences in the intake of fruit and vegetables have been shown by age, and 62% of people between 16 and 24 belongs to a group of small consumption of fruits and vegetables, while only 36% of those between 45 and 74, belonging to the group. Also, research has shown that most people who consumed less fruit and vegetables are male, are not employed, do not have their own property, do not use car and they are smokers.
Although the authors state, disadvantages and limitations of the study, they considered that the results are very relevant and may be helpful in some future studies about the consumption of fruits and vegetables and strategies to increase consumption of healthy foods, especially fruits and vegetables. Also consider that the need to intensify efforts on educating people about the benefits and importance of greater consumption of fruits and vegetables.
[Thompson 1999] Thompson RL, Margetts BM, Speller VM, McVey D. The Health Education Authority’s health and lifestyle survey 1993: who are the low fruit and vegetable consumers? Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 1999;53:294-299.