he success of interventions to change diet
It is known that the diet as a lifestyle associated with the emergence of chronic diseases. Primarily refers to saturated fats and fruit and vegetable intake. So was conducted scientific research as the effectiveness of interventions in dietary habit changes linked to reducing the risk of chronic diseases, and what is the effectiveness of individual interventions in changing the diet and how they affect different groups of population.
Within the study, conducted the review and analysis of existing scientific studies.. Have included all scientific studies in English, published since 1975, which include all groups of people, regardless of age and sex, and were conducted in North America, Europe and Australia. Observed is only studies that have been done on more than 40 participants and are not based on a controlled diet. Through dual examinations, the research was based on a detailed study of the information on the characteristics, the methodology and the results of used studies related to the consumption of fruits, vegetables and fat. Viewed a total of 907 articles, but in the end they used 104 articles on 92 scientific studies. All studies have been successful in reducing the intake of saturated fat and increase consumption of fruits and vegetables. 17 of 22 reports on the consumption of fruits and vegetables, have shown a significant increase in entries, even an average of 0.6 meals a day. Equal results have shown in reducing fat intake.
The results show that the majority of interventions in changing the dietary habits to be successful. Studies have shown significant improvements in eating habits, especially in people who are at increased risk of chronic diseases, but less improvement in healthy individuals.
[Ammerman 2002] Ammerman AS, Lindquist CH, Lohr KN, Hersey J. The Efficacy of Behavioral Interventions to Modify Dietary Fat and Fruit and Vegetable Intake: A Review of the Evidence. Preventive Medicine, Volume 35, Issue 1, July 2002, Pages 25-41.