Can you be both fat and healthy? No, if you ask world’s leading experts. Just imagine a person with normal body weight carrying an extra load of 10, 20 or 50 kg all day long. It may be healthy for a few hours if you plan to compete in some weight lifting championship. But not for days, months, years, or even decades…Some clinical studies suggested that simply being overweighed does not increase the mortality risk or the risk for cardiovascular diseases. That is, if a person does not have additional adverse metabolic features (type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia…). But then the experts took into account the element of time. And it proved to be crucial. So being overweighed is not good for your health. More excessive weight you carry, more time you spend being overweighed – risks for your health get higher.
It is obvious that excessive body weight affects one’s bones, muscles and joints, especially large leg joints (hips, knees and ankles).
But more fat tissue also needs more oxygen and nutrients. They have to be delivered by blood which increases the volume and pressure on artery walls, which leads to hypertension. Heart is also overloaded and usually increases frequency and/or pumping strength to meet higher demands.
Obesity can cause resistance to insulin and is connected with less activity. Those factors contribute to development of type 2 diabetes.
In women, being overweight contributes to an increased risk for breast, uterus, colon, gallbladder cancer. Overweight men have a higher risk for colon and prostate cancers.
But the greatest problem for overweighed people usually lies within social area. Today, the ideal image is to be overly thin, especially for women. Overweight or obese people are often blamed for their condition and may be considered lazy or weak-willed. This may even affect their incomes and number of romantic relationships. This ill behavior may progress to discrimination, even torment.
Therefore, it is necessary for overweighed individuals to seek professional advice and get involved in an effective weight-loss program.